The same is true between friends. You will need these useful phrases if you are applying for a job abroad, communicating with customer service in a different country or writing a thank you letter to your host family. For example, to say I’m twenty years old you’d say: “J’ai vingt ans“. Bonjour, Marie. Vous: the formal you “Vous” is the safe “you” in French. is the formal expression, which you should employ when speaking to superiors or strangers. Marie-Claire Rivière and the Rocket French Team. (Level 1), Rocket French The Most Popular: De rien. I selected a sentence where you invert verb and pronoun to ask the question. In French business letters, called correspondance commerciale, it's best to be as polite and formal as possible. Sometimes you won’t know whether you should use “vous” or “tu”. Tip: Your free trial account details will be sent to your inbox. Not sure when to use the formal "You" Vous in French or the informal "You" Tu? Using the wrong form will lead people to think you don’t respect them. You use “vous” to say “you” in French with: The last one is particularly important. That said, the best way to know whether you should use “tu” or “vous” is to observe and see what people use. You can use it in all types of situations whether formal or informal, regardless of what it is you… “Absolument pas” literally translates to “absolutely not.” Use it when you need to express a stronger “no.” It can be… Sometimes, you start talking to someone using “vous”, and finish the conversation with “tu”. The distinction between tu and vous is one of the most confounding aspects of French, and one of the most basic. It’s a good idea to be comfortable using both socially. If you’re planning on traveling in a French-speaking country, you might think learning casual French is enough… well think again. in French. In a more formal setting, it’s polite to indicate that you’re delighted … “Comment vas-tu” is the “informal” version of “comment allez-vous” as indicated by the use of “tu”, the informal French “you”. - Level 2, Rocket French You may need to introduce a friend to another friend, in which case it is useful to follow the expected pattern. Merci - Thank you. You may sound overly polite, but you won’t have to worry about being rude. When you use “vous”, you need to use the verb ending “ez” at the present tense. Learning a language is a complex process that is different for each individual based on several different factors. This means that the verb following “vous” uses the plural form. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! You is translated as “tu” , “toi” and “vous”. However, it also uses the inversion way of asking questions which is considered formal. If you’re talking to a stranger or somebody older than yourself you’ll have to use the formal: Quel âge avez-vous?” When you answer you say: “ J’ai + Number of years + ans “, which means “I have + Number + Years”. "D'où venez-vous?" could be: In today’s fast paced lifestyles, there is a tendency to be less formal, yet compared to the English language, French customs still make an imprint on social interactions. How would you react if a stranger came up to you, and said: “hey dude, what’s up”? Now between tu and toi : • tu is always followed by a verb. The distinction between “vous” and “tu” indicates your relationship to the person you are talking to. The same happens in French. No, we haven't met. There is a right and a wrong way to say “you” in French. Once you’re done, you’ll get a score out of 100 on your pronunciation and can listen to your own audio playback. The French culture has inherited a way of addressing people formally and casually and this affects both language and choice of words. Good morning Marie, how are you? Both sentences have the same meaning. The reality is that “vous” doesn’t only show respect, it shows distance. Unlike the style of Victorian homes, French Countryside homes usually display a balance in windows, and a steep hipped roof. In this lesson, we'll learn the basic guidelines for using 'vous,' the formal form of 'you' in French. In French today there is still a clear language code where both formal and informal greetings are relevant. While each French country style home is unique, most homes of this kind exhibit a stately and formal feel, with an overall square, symmetrical shape. Why you must know the difference between “tu” and “vous”, Questions you may ask yourself about “tu” and “vous”, Don’t forget to conjugate the verb accordingly. Applying for a job is always strictly formal and interacting with people socially on vacation at a hotel for example, or sight seeing, would always be expected to be more rather than less, formal. Informal : In French, you always have to be careful to not be impolite by using the informal with the wrong people. Use the right form and people will be happy to talk to you and amazed by your knowledge of the language ; use the wrong form and the only thing they will remember is how rude you are. Tu is informal, and can be used with all of your family, friends and colleagues, whereas Vous is used to show respect to strangers, people older than you and anyone deemed to be your superior for example your boss. Your parents, your husband/wife, your friends, maybe some of your colleagues. If you’re on a video game forum, using “tu” will generally be okay. However, there are some rare cases where the use of “vous” instead of “tu” can offend a person. Why do some languages have both formal and informal 'you's? Let's take a look at these different factors and how they impact how fast you learn French. You might already know that the French have 2 ways to say you: Tu and Vous. You would perhaps be embarrassed, maybe even angry. Oui ! Vous – you (plural) or you (singular formal) Ils, Elles – them; Now that you know all of the basic French pronouns, we can take a look at all of the tenses and conjugations you can have for French verbs. Salut is a versatile expression in French. Not sure whether you should use “tu” or “vous”? How you sign off an email in French depends on how well you know the person to whom you're writing, the purpose of the letter, and the degree of formality. Use ‘tu’ only when you speak to someone you know very well, otherwise keep the conversation formal. Now that we have studied the formal ways of saying "how are you" in French, let's look at the informal ways.Granted, ça va is not the most formal French. Need help with how to say you in French? Earlier, I told you that “vous” is also used when you are talking to a group. That’s what you are going to discover now. (Level 2), Rocket French - A in French. There is a strict formal and informal code of conduct that is to be followed when speaking French. So et vous (and you) becomes one answer. There are distinctions about who to call “vous” and who to call “tu” for example. You never use “tu” when talking to a group. Balance is key. Think about the people you are the closest to. So when a 20 year-old uses “vous” with a 40 year-old, the 40 year-old may feel older as a result. When you use “vous”, the following verb always uses the plural form. You would wonder who this guy is, why he talks to you as if you were his best friend. While similar to the formal, polite form of the question, this phrase … Have you met Jeanne? However, it’s probably good to follow the general guideline that, when in doubt, be formal! - Level 1, Rocket French But this isn’t the most common way to ask a question in an informal situation. In Spanish it's 'tú' and 'usted,' in French 'tu' and 'vous,' and that's just the start. + years of full-time experience as a nanny in a large formal estate, comfortable caring for dogs, valid driver's license & USA passport, speak fluent English and French preferred, and excellent references…The family has 2 French bull dogs that this candidate will be required to care for. This formal code is useful when you are asking for anything in the commercial arena in France, from shops, health care, touring, making bookings, and as you meet new people. Get started with free lessons, exclusive discounts, and more. Ça fait plaisir de te voir, tout va bien de ton côté ? This means, 'You can call me tu .' A typical answer to Comment vas-tu? The following examples show casual greetings using varying degrees of familiarity, from casual through to very laid back. In this situation, the use of “vous” highlights the difference of age. Ça fait longtemps qu'on ne s'est pas vu ! French formal letters have a … The first tense to learn in another language is present tense. Salut - “Bye” in French. Note: to make it easier for you to understand what happens when you switch to “vous”. Don’t forget to conjugate the verb accordingly, People you don’t know (people in the street, sellers…). Benjamin Houy is a native French speaker and tea drinker with a BA degree in Applied Foreign Languages and a passion for languages. It's great to see you again, is everything going well with you? Enchanté(e) – Nice to meet you. - Level 3, USA: 3501 Jack Northrop Ave, Suite #P1171, Hawthorne, CA 90250, USA | Phone: 310-601-4958, Asia/Pacific: 12-987 Ferry Road, Woolston, Christchurch 8023, New Zealand | Phone: +64-3-384-6350, Rocket French Merci is the standard way of expressing gratitude in French. To some this appears to create distance, while to others it maintains a sense of respect. Thousands of people have had great success with mastering a new language with Rocket Languages. For example, if you're applying for an exchange program in a campus in France. … we’re beginning to step into more informal territory, but this … We'll learn about uses and verb conjugations for the formal 'vous' and the informal 'tu.' When you're studying French, there may be instances where you need to write a formal letter in French. For this reason, knowing when to use “tu” and when to use “vous” is critical. With Reverso you can find the English translation, definition or synonym for formal and thousands of other words. Here is more information on how to ask questions in French. Je suis folle de toi = I am crazy about you, if a woman is speaking / Je suis fou de toi = I am crazy … Introducing yourself and introducing other people to each other is a good place to start establishing your ease with dialogues. De rien is the first form of “you’re welcome” I learned in French class and, … The end result is a “how are you” stuck between formal and informal French. So... that should cover your bases and keep you out of trouble for a while, however informal you'd like to be! Tu and toi are used informally ,while vous is used formally. In France, a broker can only show you his or her personal listings.” Agents interested in joining FPIM should complete an application on the group’s French-language website, FPIMiami.org . Ça va ? Reduced forms: il(s), elle(s), puis, parce que, quelque. An easy way to remember that is to think about the famous song Voulez vous coucher avec moi ce soir. Bonjour Jean, tout se passe bien aujourd'hui ? – “How’s it going?” With ça va? Take a look at the simple explanations I’ve put together, and then listen to some examples of French conversations so you can practice using this basic French grammar in real life situations. Many people feel uncomfortable with this though, so they may tell you: It’s much more common to use “tu” online than offline. (Level 3). French words for formal include formel, officiel, solennel, régulier, formelle, formels and formelles. It’s perfectly acceptable for one person to use “tu” while the other uses “vous”. Salut Jeanne, ça va ? Now you probably wonder how being more polite can offend someone. If you've decided to give French a try and you're eager to start (or continue) learning the language of liberté, egalité, and fraternité (the French national motto}, here are a few hacks to learn French fast and and optimize your efforts. Hi Jeanne, how's it going? You might use this phrase at work, with a colleague whom you address as tu because he's an acquaintance but not a close friend. If one friend uses “vous” and the other “tu”, this may create distance and make the friend who uses “tu” feel uncomfortable. If you use the French language for business purposes, it’s wise to invest in gaining a better understanding of the language. So to be safe, you can ask: This is a rhetorical question though and answering no would be awkward. This means you will choose a complimentary close that sounds professional, that is polite and formal, and one that suits the subject at hand — whether, for instance, it's a business transaction or a job-related letter. Don’t worry, we also have examples for you. The pronouns il (“he”) and ils are reduced to y, … Click here! Everything you need to learn French from home. Reinforce your learning from this lesson with the Rocket Reinforcement activities! Bonjour Marie, comment vas-tu ? When greeting someone formally, a handshake should always accompany the greeting. But it's so practical that it's been used a lot in French lately, and has really made its way in almost all situations: among friends and family, of course, but also at the office or with acquaintances. Nobody will ever blame you for being too formal. If you don’t know whether you should use “vous” or “tu”, use “vous”. It’s quite natural for people to refer to “this young man over there,” “le petit jeune homme là bas,” or “la petite” (in abbreviated form) when referring to “the young girl.” There are some subtle distinctions, for example, “Monsieur” across the board, refers to “Sir,” or to a “gentleman,” whereas “l’homme,” means “the man.” It’s probably safer to address any adult woman as “madame” as opposed to “mademoiselle” “miss” regardless of their actual status. Whether you're hungry for one of our popular breakfast items or looking for lunch, dinner, or late night dining ideas near you, your IHOP® location at 2754 Hollywood Blvd in HOLLYWOOD is just around the corner and ready to serve.. In case of doubt, it’s always better to use “vous” than “tu”. Look at the following ice-breakers and compare the use of language while delivering almost the same message: Notice that words are different but that the overall meaning stays the same. ‘Vous’ is used formally, while ‘tu’ is used informally. (Use a headset mic for best results.) With an average rating of 4.6 stars you know Rocket French works! You can use it to say either “hello” or … Problems? Formal Vs Informal in French « Previous; Beginners; Next » Formel vs informel / Formal vs. In contrast, when addressing family or very young children, it’s not necessary to be so formal. It’s just as important to understand what’s being said to you as it is to know what to say in a new language. Good morning Mary, it's been a while since we've seen each other! Then use “vous” until you are invited to use “tu”. As you will find out in your conversations with French people, so much of the dialogue depends on how other people interact with you! Linguim » Learn French » Beginners » Formal Vs Informal in French. "You" in French. When you don’t know the person you are introduced to, you say VOUS, except if you go to a dinner party with friends and you realize everybody says TU to each … This lesson will make sure you don’t offend anyone by being too familiar, and help you to avoid any embarrassing cultural misunderstandings! Try some more French grammar lessons! In some French families today, parents are still addressed by their children in the formal way! Or rather, there are different ways to say it depending on who you are talking to. When you speak English, you sometimes start talking to someone formally, and then switch to a more informal language as you get to know each other. Vous is also the plural form of “you”. Since she's older than you and you want to show respect, you've always addressed her with the formal 'you': vous. Closing a Formal Letter Tell the recipient you look forward to their reply. 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People have had great success with mastering a new language with Rocket languages be safe, you need to a... Relationship to the person you are the closest to it 's been while. Person you are talking to only one person to use “ vous ” or “ tu ” indicates relationship!