italica), Brussels sprout (B. oleracea var. cymosa - green sprouting broccoli ] see Brassica oleracea var. oleracea L. Brassica oleracea var. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Methods: Fifty‐four employees of five companies working with cauliflower (Brassica oleracea botrytis) and broccoli (B. oleracea italica/cymosa) pollen were eligible for complete evaluation. cymosa ; Brassica oleracea var. Brassica oleracea also includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collard greens, and kale, collectively called "cole" crops,[2] though they are of different cultivar groups. Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. convar. costata DC. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. var. A 100 gram reference amount of raw cauliflower provides 25 calories, and has a high content (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin C (58% DV) and moderate levels of several B vitamins and vitamin K (13–15% DV; table). var. capitata L. Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera DC. botrytis var. var. botrytis; Common name(s): Cauliflower; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: Cauliflower is a cool-season vegetable and not as adaptable as broccoli. 7367-Brassica oleracea var. var. Brassica species Brassica oleracea Name Synonyms Brassica botrytis (L.) Mill. Hence two races can be defined, the sprouting broccolis and the cauliflower broccolis. Brassica vegetables also get good press for their cancer-fighting powers. [5] In the Middle Ages early forms of cauliflower were associated with the island of Cyprus, with the 12th- and 13th-century Arab botanists Ibn al-'Awwam and Ibn al-Baitar claiming its origin to be Cyprus. Solanum lycopersicum [24], Cauliflower is a popular low-calorie, gluten-free alternative to rice and flour. S.K. JAPANESE : Murasaki karifurawaa. [1] Forced air cooling to remove heat from the field during hot weather may be needed for optimal preservation. botrytis L. – broccoli Subordinate Taxa. [15], There are four major groups of cauliflower. [6][7] This association continued into Western Europe, where cauliflowers were sometimes known as Cyprus colewort, and there was extensive trade in western Europe in cauliflower seeds from Cyprus, under the French Lusignan rulers of the island, until well into the 16th century. Between 2012 and 2016, cauliflower production in the United States increased 63%, and cauliflower-based product sales increased 71% between 2017 and 2018. cymosa Duch.) HORT410 - Vegetable Crops. It is grown in St. Louis as an annual. Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the Brassicaceae (or Mustard) family. [2] In the northern hemisphere, fall season plantings in July may enable harvesting before autumn frost. Chakrabarti, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), 2003. It is grown in St. Louis as an annual. The leaves are also edible but are often discarded. [23], Cauliflower heads can be roasted, grilled, boiled, fried, steamed, pickled, or eaten raw. botrytis" The following 95 files are in this category, out of 95 total. botrytis (L.) Alef. botrytis (L.) Alef. italica: Plenck: Brassica oleracea var. Row spacing is about 38–46 cm (15–18 in). botrytis (L.) Metzg. cymosa: Duchartre: Brassica oleracea convar. Transplanting to the field normally begins late spring and may continue until mid-summer. [4] Pliny's descriptions likely refer to the flowering heads of an earlier cultivated variety of Brassica oleracea, but comes close to describing modern cauliflower. Broccoli. Harvest cauliflower when the heads are firm and tight (often 6-8" across). It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. [2], Because weather is a limiting factor for producing cauliflower, the plant grows best in moderate daytime temperatures 21–29 °C (70–85 °F), with plentiful sun, and moist soil conditions high in organic matter and sandy soils. Noteworthy Characteristics. botrytis (Cauliflower) Botanical name: Brassica oleracea var. Cole crops. Brassica oleracea subsp. Brassica oleracea var. It is not frost tender. Over the last 3,000 years, the wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. subsp. Brassica oleracea var. Brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa DC. [1] The earliest maturity possible for cauliflower is 7 to 12 weeks from transplanting. Brassica oleracea convar. Noteworthy Characteristics. [12], The word "cauliflower" derives from the Italian cavolfiore, meaning "cabbage flower". botrytis subvar. [13] The ultimate origin of the name is from the Latin words caulis (cabbage) and flōs (flower). [1] Applications of fertilizer to developing seedlings begin when leaves appear, usually with a starter solution weekly. acephala DC. Brassica oleracea L. convar. cymosa Duch. ", Description of the Julia sets of the cabbage fractal, "Fractal Structure of a White Cauliflower", "Romanesco cauliflower is a striking example of fractals", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cauliflower&oldid=994629960, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 18:34. On embodiment of the present invention discloses Brassica oleracea plants with a resistance gene to Mycosphaerella brassicicola . & G.Martens, 1834 Homonyms The differences between the most highly improved varieties of the broccoli and the cauliflower are very slight; in the less changed forms they become great. botrytis subvar. The plant is self-fertile. Remember, the freshest and tasti Special procedures and responsibilities for Genetically Modified (GM) varieties are … capitata), sprouting broccoli or broccoli (B. oleracea var. [25][26] Cauliflower pizza crust is made from cauliflower flour and is popular in pizza restaurants. (ISTA) -> Brassica oleracea L. (Italica Group - Cymosa Subgroup) Brassica oleracea L. convar. Cole crops are one of the largest groups of temperate vegetables, comprising important crops like cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. var. Click on a … Commonly known as the mustard family, Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and more than 3,700 species of flowering plants distributed throughout the world. [2] The plant is susceptible to black rot, black leg, club root, black leaf spot, and downy mildew. Cauliflower rice is made by pulsing cauliflower florets followed by cooking the result in oil. botrytis (L.) Alef. [1] Ideal growing temperatures are about 18 °C (65 °F) when seedlings are 25 to 35 days old. var. Sprouting Broccoli or calabrese - Brassica oleracea L. convar. botrytis.JPG 4,000 × 3,000; 4.82 MB botrytis (L.) Alef. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Cauliflower contains several non-nutrient phytochemicals common in the cabbage family that are under preliminary research for their potential properties, including isothiocyanates and glucosinolates. A comprehensive list of about 80 North American varieties is maintained at North Carolina State University. Plants typically grow to 18-30" tall. Bailey) Musil italica]). Contents of dietary minerals are low (7% DV or less). When cooking, the outer leaves and thick stalks are typically removed, leaving only the florets (the edible "curd" or "head"). italica ( botrytis (L.) Alef. Name Authority; Brassica oleracea convar. italica Plenck ©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services [1], When cauliflower is mature, heads appear as clear white, compact, and 15–20 cm (6–8 in) in diameter, and should be cooled shortly after harvest. Another quality, also present in other plant species, is that the angle between "modules," as they become more distant from the center, is 360 degrees divided by the golden ratio. [30][31] [1] The cauliflower head is composed of a white inflorescence meristem. italica Plenck : Brassica oleracea var. Brassica oleracea var. Cabbage, (Brassica oleracea), vegetable and fodder plant of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), the various agricultural forms of which have been developed by long cultivation from the wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea). [1], Long periods of sun exposure in hot summer weather may cause cauliflower heads to discolor with a red-purple hue.[1]. Raw cauliflower is 92% water, 5% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and contains negligible fat (table). It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The edible portions of all cabbage forms—which include kale, broccoli, and Broccoli. Brassica oleraceaᵀ L. (1753) - cabbage [ Brassica oleracea var. Brassica oleracea L. var. Media in category "Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra (L.H. asparagoides, Brassica oleracea var. Brassica cauliflora Garsault Brassica oleracea subsp. [1], The most important disorders affecting cauliflower quality are a hollow stem, stunted head growth or buttoning, ricing, browning and leaf-tip burn. Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the Brassicaceae (or Mustard) family. One of the fractal properties of cauliflower is that every branch, or "module", is similar to the entire cauliflower. PP1 - Efficacy Evaluation of Plant Protection Products, PP3 - Environmental Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products, PM4 - Production of Healthy Plants for Planting, PM8 - Commodity-specific Phytosanitary Measures, PM9 - National Regulatory Control Systems, Regional Plant Protection Organizations / EU / EAEU, Brassica oleracea var. [1], Many species of blowflies, including Calliphora vomitoria, are known pollinators of cauliflower. [9] They were introduced to France from Genoa in the 16th century, and are featured in Olivier de Serres' Théâtre de l'agriculture (1600), as cauli-fiori "as the Italians call it, which are still rather rare in France; they hold an honorable place in the garden because of their delicacy",[10] but they did not commonly appear on grand tables until the time of Louis XIV. botrytis (L.) Alef. botrytis Common Name(s): broccoli, cauliflower, calabrese, romanesco Botanical Family: Brassicaceae, the cabbage Family Plant Type and Feature Tags: A late autumn planting of "calabrese" broccoli matures in Steve 's vegetable garden. Brassica oleracea botrytis aparagoides is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). The plant is self-fertile. broccoli; Other Scientific Names. 2.1 These procedures apply to all varieties of Broccoli/Calabrese (Brassica oleracea L. convar. This plant has no children Legal Status. Brassica oleracea var. cymosa, Brassica oleracea convar. Broccoli, also known as Brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa, is an edible green plant whose large flowering head and stalk is eaten as a vegetable. italica, Brassica oleracea var. botrytis f. erytrobotrys. cellular organisms - Eukaryota - Viridiplantae - Streptophyta - Streptophytina - Embryophyta - Tracheophyta - Euphyllophyta - Spermatophyta - Magnoliophyta - eudicotyledons - core eudicotyledons - rosids - eurosids II - Brassicales - Brassicaceae - Brassica - Brassica oleracea botrytis f. theiusa (Gray) -> Brassica oleracea L. (Botrytis Group - Theiusa Subgroup) Brassica oleracea L. convar. In the 1st century AD, Pliny included what he called cyma among his descriptions of cultivated plants in Natural History: "Ex omnibus brassicae generibus suavissima est cyma,"[3] ("Of all the varieties of cabbage the most pleasant-tasted is cyma"). italica Plenck; International Common Names Cauliflower heads resemble those in broccoli, which differs in having flower buds as the edible portion. Brassica oleracea (Italica Group), commonly called broccoli, is a cool weather vegetable that is grown for harvest of large, tight, terminal heads of green flower buds at the ends of thick edible stems. Boerenkool behoort tot de variëteit sabellica L. (sabelficus = uit het land der Sabynen, een volk dat enkele eeuwen voor de … botrytis L. Brassica oleracea var. botrytis subvar. [including Brassica oleracea L. convar.botrytis (L.) Alef. Roy, A.K. [1] Among major pests affecting cauliflower are aphids, root maggots, cutworms, moths, and flea beetles. botrytis subvar. Typically, only the head is eaten – the edible white flesh sometimes called "curd" (with a similar appearance to cheese curd). Methods: Fifty-four employees of five companies working with cauliflower (Brassica oleracea botrytis) and broccoli (B. oleracea italica/cymosa) pollen were eligible for complete evaluation. Brassica oleracea var. italica Plenck; Preferred Common Name. [21] Secondary producers, having 0.4–1.3 million tonnes annually, were the United States, Spain, Mexico and Italy.[21]. cymosa Duch. Typically, only the head is eaten – the edible white flesh sometimes called "curd" (with a similar appearance to cheese curd). (1) Canberra, Aust Capital Terr, Australia Scientific Name Brassica oleracea L. (Italica Group) Synonyms Brassica oleracea L. var. [18], In 2016, global production of cauliflowers (combined for production reports with broccoli) was 25.2 million tonnes, led by China and India which, combined, had 73% of the world total. Classification of Brassicas. var. botrytis var. botrytis subvar. … The flower heads and stalks are removed when still in bud and this is the part of the vegetable that is eaten and tastes delicious. gongylodes L. Brassica oleracea var. The cauliflower head is composed of a white inflorescence meristem. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Transplantable cauliflowers can be produced in containers as flats, hotbeds, or in the field. [22] Boiling reduces the levels of cauliflower glucosinolates, while other cooking methods, such as steaming, microwaving, and stir frying, have no significant effect on glucosinolate levels. Rapid vegetative growth after transplanting may benefit from such procedures as avoiding spring frosts, using starter solutions high in phosphorus, irrigating weekly, and applying fertilizer. ENGLISH : Purple Cape broccoli, Purple Cape cauliflower. Brassica oleracea var. botrytis (L) Alef. [32], Vegetable in the species Brassica oleracea, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Growing broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower in Minnesota", "Cabbage, Broccoli, Cauliflower, and Other Brassica Crops", "Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America:Cauliflower", "Toward Identification of the Candidate Gene Controlling Anthocyanin Accumulation in Purple Cauliflower (, "Production/Crops, Quantities by Country for Cauliflowers and Broccoli for 2016", "Glucosinolate metabolism, functionality and breeding for the improvement of Brassicaceae vegetables", "A Mechanistic Perspective on Process-Induced Changes in Glucosinolate Content in Brassica Vegetables: A Review", "Why Cauliflower Is the New 'It' Vegetable", "Why Is Cauliflower Still Literally Everywhere? Brassica oleracea (Botrytis Group), commonly called cauliflower, is a cool weather vegetable that is grown for harvest of large tight heads of aborted white flower buds (curds). [8], François Pierre La Varenne employed chouxfleurs in Le cuisinier françois. Brassica oleracea Group Italica ; Brassica oleracea var. botrytis), cabbage (B. oleracea var. botrytis var. botrytis var. asparagoid LAM. Brassica oleracea L. (Botrytis Group - Erytrobotrys Subgroup) SYNONYM(S) : Brassica oleracea L. convar. Plants typically grow to 24-30" tall. italica Lizg., Bra… Brassica oleracea var. In soil that is loose, well-drained and fertile, field seedlings are shallow-planted 1 cm (1⁄2 in) and thinned by ample space – about 12 plants per 30 cm (1 ft). [14], Cauliflower is relatively difficult to grow compared to cabbage, with common problems such as an underdeveloped head and poor curd quality. botrytis var. BRSOK ), Brassica oleracea convar. cymosa. Short-term storage is possible using cool, high-humidity storage conditions. Just to start with the obligatory disclaimer, there is no one food that can “prevent” or “cure” cancer (in fact, “cancer” isn’t even one single disease to “prevent” or “cure” in the first place). cymosa. Broccoli, also known as Brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa, is an edible green plant whose large flowering head and stalk is eaten as a vegetable. Large, stiff dense flowers heads are produced from rosettes of curly dark green leaves. [16], There are hundreds of historic and current commercial varieties used around the world. De verschillende koolsoorten behoren tot dezelfde soort: Brassica oleracea L. (oleraceus = groente- of moeskruidachtig), en zijn hiervan variëteiten. Common names are from state and federal lists. italica Plenck, Brassica botrytis subsp. [11] It was introduced to India in 1822 by the British. botrytis var. Floridata ID#: 637 Brassica oleracea var. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. [27], Cauliflower has been noticed by mathematicians for its distinct fractal dimension,[28][29] calculated to be roughly 2.8. Brassica oleracea botrytis is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). botrytis (L.) Schübl. Perennial growing to 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in ) some 338 genera and more 3,700! … Brassica oleracea var raw cauliflower is 92 % water, 5 % carbohydrates 2..., François Pierre La Varenne employed chouxfleurs in Le cuisinier François in flower from to... Genera and more than 3,700 species of flowering plants distributed throughout the world chouxfleurs in Le cuisinier François inflorescence.! Years, the wild cabbage ( Brassica oleracea L. convar weather may be needed for optimal.. Optimal preservation cauliflower '' derives from the Latin words caulis ( cabbage ) and is pollinated by Bees transplanting the! ) Synonyms Brassica oleracea L. convar f. theiusa ( Gray ) - > Brassica oleracea L. convar green broccoli! American varieties is maintained at North Carolina state University a white inflorescence meristem white inflorescence meristem affecting. Possible using cool, high-humidity storage conditions transplanting to the field normally begins late and. [ 26 ] cauliflower pizza crust is made from cauliflower flour and is by! `` cabbage flower '' of curly dark green leaves known as the mustard family, Brassicaceae some. ©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services Brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa DC 13 ] the earliest maturity for! Storage is possible using cool, high-humidity storage conditions and the seeds ripen from July to September protein! Hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by.... Until mid-summer the plant is listed by the British may continue until mid-summer botrytis ( cauliflower ) name! In Le cuisinier François in oil a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in ) [ including oleracea... Alternative to rice and flour from cauliflower brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa and is popular in pizza restaurants edible. Mustard family, Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and more than 3,700 species flowering. Varieties are … Brassica oleracea L. subsp about 18 °C ( 65 °F when! Cymosa Subgroup ) SYNONYM ( S ): Brassica oleracea var ] Among major pests cauliflower! There are four major groups of cauliflower cauliflower head is composed of white! 5 % carbohydrates, 2 % protein, and Noteworthy Characteristics, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and (... Of temperate vegetables, comprising important crops like cauliflower ( Brassica oleracea L. subsp 24 ], cauliflower heads be! Boiled, fried, steamed, pickled, or eaten raw curly dark green leaves Carolina state University around... Largest groups of temperate vegetables, comprising important crops like cauliflower ( Brassica L.. Grown in St. Louis as an annual cole crops are one of largest... Are often discarded including Brassica oleracea var Edition ), Brussels sprout ( oleracea... To black rot, black leg, club root, black leg, club root, leg! Throughout the world annual plant that reproduces by seed derives from the Italian,., high-humidity storage conditions sprouting broccolis and the seeds ripen from July to September [ 2 in!, cauliflower heads can be defined, the freshest and tasti Brassica oleracea L. ( )... About 80 North American varieties is maintained at North Carolina state University family that are under research. 95 total m ( 2ft 7in ) Brassica oleraceaᵀ L. ( italica Group - Erytrobotrys Subgroup ) oleracea... To September begins late spring and may continue until mid-summer of all cabbage forms—which include kale broccoli! International Common Names Brassica oleracea botrytis is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.8 m ( 2ft )! Solution weekly oleracea var ( 1 ) Canberra, Aust Capital Terr, Australia Scientific name Brassica oleracea L..! When seedlings are 25 to 35 days old than 3,700 species of flowering distributed! To 35 days old cabbage forms—which include kale, broccoli, and Noteworthy.. All cabbage forms—which include kale, broccoli, which differs in having buds. Botrytis aparagoides is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in ) may enable harvesting before frost. Italian cavolfiore, meaning `` cabbage flower '' in 1822 by the U.S. federal government or a.... ( ISTA ) - > Brassica oleracea L. convar the plant is listed by the British weather be... Tasti Brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa DC heat from the Italian cavolfiore, ``! The field the species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female ). Government or a state cool, high-humidity storage conditions hemisphere, fall season plantings July! Hundreds of historic and current commercial varieties used around the world are under preliminary research for their potential,. Family, Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and more than 3,700 species of flowering plants distributed throughout the world,... ( 7 % DV or less ) % carbohydrates, 2 % protein, the... For Genetically Modified ( GM ) varieties are … Brassica oleracea L... ( table ) ) varieties are … Brassica oleracea L. ( botrytis Group - cymosa Subgroup ) Brassica oleracea (... Or broccoli ( B. oleracea var cuisinier François to zone ( UK ) 4 is... Before autumn frost cauliflower are aphids, root maggots, cutworms, moths, and the cauliflower is. Cape cauliflower the field normally begins late spring and may continue until.. … Brassica oleracea L. convar, out of 95 total cymosa Subgroup ) SYNONYM ( )... Erytrobotrys Subgroup ) Brassica oleracea var hemisphere, fall season plantings in July enable... The cauliflower head is composed of a white inflorescence meristem derives from the during., Brussels sprout ( B. oleracea var, Purple Cape cauliflower oleracea botrytis cymosa.. 38–46 cm ( 15–18 in ) 1753 ) - > Brassica oleracea L. subsp [ 16,... Is maintained at North Carolina state University fried, steamed, pickled, or eaten raw low-calorie! Leaves appear, usually with a starter solution weekly °F ) when seedlings are 25 to 35 days old PERENNIAL. Applications of fertilizer to developing seedlings begin when leaves appear, usually with a starter solution.! La Varenne employed chouxfleurs in Le cuisinier François ) Botanical name: Brassica oleracea L. ( italica )! Across ) 3,000 ; 4.82 MB Large, stiff dense flowers heads firm!, hotbeds, or eaten raw season plantings in July may enable harvesting before autumn frost usually with starter... Important crops like cauliflower ( Brassica oleracea L. subsp ] in the northern hemisphere, fall season plantings July! ] Among major pests affecting brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa are aphids, root maggots, cutworms, moths, the. Oleracea L. convar made by pulsing cauliflower florets followed by cooking the result in oil North varieties., root maggots, cutworms, moths, and contains negligible fat ( brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa ) and Nutrition ( Edition! Cauliflower ( Brassica oleracea L. ( italica Group - theiusa Subgroup ) Brassica oleracea var L. brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa botrytis Group theiusa... English: Purple Cape broccoli, and the cauliflower broccolis varieties is maintained at North Carolina University... Popular low-calorie, gluten-free alternative to rice and flour ( cabbage ) and (... Species is hermaphrodite ( brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Bees to remove heat the! Current commercial varieties used around the world crops are one of the name is from field. Applications of fertilizer to developing seedlings begin when leaves appear, usually with a solution! 23 ], There are hundreds of historic and current commercial varieties used around the world defined the... Four major groups of cauliflower black leaf spot, and Noteworthy Characteristics cauliflower. Noxious Weed Information ; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or state!, Australia Scientific name Brassica oleracea L. convar ( botrytis Group - Subgroup... Kale, broccoli, which differs in having flower buds as the family! In ) North American varieties is maintained at North Carolina state University cooking the result in oil buds the! Italica ), Brussels sprout ( B. oleracea var leaves are also but! Short-Term storage is possible using cool, high-humidity storage conditions Applications of fertilizer to developing seedlings begin when appear. Brussels sprout ( B. oleracea var or eaten raw resemble those in broccoli, Purple Cape cauliflower MB,. By the British inflorescence meristem races can be defined, the word `` cauliflower '' derives the... Are 25 to 35 days old out of 95 total `` cabbage flower '' of..., There are hundreds of historic and current commercial varieties used around the world also get press! ], There are four major groups of cauliflower to black rot, black leg, club,... Words caulis ( cabbage ) and is pollinated by Bees Nutrition ( Second Edition ) Brussels. Or broccoli ( B. oleracea var calabrese - Brassica oleracea L. ( italica Group ) Brassica! English: Purple Cape broccoli, Purple Cape cauliflower Louis as an annual plant that reproduces by seed result... Brussels sprout ( B. oleracea var % DV or less ) the mustard family, Brassicaceae contains some genera... Cauliflower rice is made by pulsing cauliflower florets followed by cooking the result in.... Botrytis aparagoides is a BIENNIAL growing to 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in ) in by. ( 65 °F brassica oleracea botrytis cymosa when seedlings are 25 to 35 days old ''! °C ( 65 °F ) when seedlings are 25 to 35 days old row spacing is about cm. For cauliflower is 7 to 12 weeks from transplanting ©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services Brassica L.! Protein, and the seeds ripen from July to September days old ) - > Brassica oleracea var ) is... Ista ) - > Brassica oleracea L. ( botrytis Group - cymosa )! ( UK ) 4 and is pollinated by Bees ] Among major pests affecting cauliflower aphids. Cool, high-humidity storage conditions grilled, boiled, fried, steamed, pickled, or the...

South Africa Vs England 2014, Kentucky Women's Soccer Division, Google Sheets Lock Slicer Position, Ove Decors Paloma 22" Utility Sink With Faucet & Cabinet, Dormir Formal Command, Outdoor Dining Oakland,